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A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
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New Market, Alabama

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 The location of New Market 

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(Location provided by the GNIS)
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and the surrounding area.

Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identification number has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for New Market: 155175

GNIS ID for Madison County: 161570

GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies worked together to create a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to New Market:

Place (Community) Code:  54312
State Code:  01 (Alabama)
County Code:  089 (Madison County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  01/54312
State/County Code:  01/089

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Alabama:    01   1779775
Madison County:    01/089   161570
New Market:    01/54312   155175

GPS Location - GNIS Coordinates ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of New Market, it is a point within New Market that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For New Market, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   34° 54' 36"   (or 34.91°)

Lon:   -86° 25' 39"   (or -86.43°)   [Map]

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. New Market is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. New Market is located in Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. New Market is located in Region IV (Region 4).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a community like New Market, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) New Market. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for New Market: 35761<1>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #155175   (Name of Record: New Market)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Madison

Map Name: New Market

Lat: 34.9100883       Lon: -86.4277677   [Map]

Elev: 231

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 01/54312   (Place Name: New Market)

County: Madison     (FIPS State/County: 01/089)

Class: U1

GSA Code: 2224

MRF Code: 1251

MSA Code: 3440

Other Roadside Stops ...

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About Madison County

About Alabama

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for New Market. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Madison County:

The official website for State of Alabama:

Footnotes ...

<1>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether New Market or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

- Return to Citation

For additional information, please visit our Glossary for New Market.


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This page was last modified: 14 Oct 2016
By John Hall