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A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Memphis, Alabama
(Pickens County)

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The location of Memphis

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Census Data for Memphis ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2015 and it gives Memphis a population of 28 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Memphis a population of 29 people.

The town of Memphis is located in Pickens County. The 2010 Census gave Pickens County a population of 19,746 people. This means that Memphis had 0.15% of the county's total population, making it Pickens' 7th most populous community.

At the same time, Alabama had a population of 4,779,736 people.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Memphis, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.

Things like the population, area and housing for Memphis reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of&$160;Memphis might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Memphis has a total area of 0.39 square miles [1 km²]. Of this total, 0.39 square miles [1 km²] is land, with the balance (1.02%) being water (0 square miles [0 km²]).

Pickens County has a land area of 881 square miles [2,282.8 km²]. At 0.39 square miles [1 km²], Memphis has 0.04% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   33° 8' 1"   (or 33.13°)

Lon:   -88° 17' 49"   (or -88.3°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (29 people) and land area (0.39 square miles [1 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Memphis had a population density of 74.2 people per square mile [28.64 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Memphis had a population of 33 people and a land area of 0.39 square miles [1 km²]. This gives a population density of 84.3 people per square mile [32.56 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Memphis. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Memphis had 22 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 29 people, this averages 1.32 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Memphis had a land area of 0.39 square miles [1 km²]. This translates to 56.3 Housing Units per square mile [21.72 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Memphis had 12 Housing Units, a population of 33 people and a land area of 0.39 square miles [1 km²]. This gives a density of 2.75 people per Housing Unit and 30.67 Housing Units per square mile [11.84 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Memphis and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Pickens County ...

The community of Memphis is located in Pickens County.

The county had a population of 19,746 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 29 people, Memphis represented 0.15% of the county's total.

In addition, where the town of Memphis has a population density of 74.2 people per square mile [28.64 people/km²], Pickens County averages 22.4 people per square mile [8.65 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Pickens County.

Population Rings for Memphis ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Memphis and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Memphis. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

RadiusNo of
Since 2010
5 mi [8 km]128-3.45%
10 mi [16 km]43,000-4.25%
15 mi [24 km]66,604-4.57%
20 mi [32 km]108,493-4.52%
25 mi [40 km]1511,874-4.36%
30 mi [48 km]2140,285-3.07%

US Census QuickFacts ...

The Census Bureau has created documents containing demographic information called QuickFacts. Unfortunately, the Census Bureau has not created a QuickFact that is specific to Memphis.

A Census QuickFact is available for Pickens County (QF-01107).

Below are QuickFacts for the counties that border Pickens County.

2015 Est.
Since 2010
FayetteQF-0105716,759-2.8%   NE  
GreeneQF-010638,479-6.26%   S  
LamarQF-0107513,886-4.66%   N  
SumterQF-0111913,103-4.8%   S  
TuscaloosaQF-01125203,976+4.79%   E  
Lowndes (MS)QF-2808759,710-0.12%   NW  
Noxubee (MS)QF-2810311,043-4.35%   W  

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Memphis, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Memphis. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Memphis was 0.39 square miles [1 km²]. Of this total, 0.39 square miles [1 km²] is land, with the balance (1.02%) being water (0 square miles [0 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 0.39 square miles [1 km²]. Of this total, 0.39 square miles [1 km²] is land, with the balance (1.12%) being water (0 square miles [0 km²]).

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Memphis, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Memphis.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   33.137044°   (or 33°8'13" N)

Lon:   -88.305942°   (or -88°18'21" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   33.133678°   (or 33°8'1" N)

Lon:   -88.297023°   (or -88°17'49" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 2,986 feet to the northwest<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2406145) to Memphis. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Memphis. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   33.136885°   (or 33°8'12" N)

Lon:   -88.300775°   (or -88°18'2" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 1,578 feet to the west<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Memphis. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Memphis.

Miscellaneous Information for Memphis ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Pickens County or the town of Memphis:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Memphis:

GNIS ID for Memphis: 2406145

GNIS ID for Pickens County: 161580

GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 01 (Alabama)

County Code: 107 (Pickens County)

Place Code: 48052 (Memphis)

State & County Code: 01/107 (Alabama / Pickens County)

State & Place Code: 01/48052 (Alabama / Memphis)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Memphis is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Memphis.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Find a Community in Alabama

About Pickens County

About Alabama

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Memphis. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Alabama:

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2015.

- Return to Citation

<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

- Return to Citation

<5>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the 2010 Census location is 65 degrees.

- Return to Citation

<6>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the GNIS point is 87 degrees.

- Return to Citation

For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Memphis.


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This page was last modified: 25 Feb 2017
By John Hall