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A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Gainesville, Alabama

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 The location of Gainesville 

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Census Data for Gainesville ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2015 and it gives Gainesville a population of 197 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Gainesville a population of 208 people.

The town of Gainesville is located in Sumter County. The 2010 Census gave Sumter County a population of 13,763 people. This means that Gainesville had 1.51% of the county's total population, making it Sumter's 4th most populous community.

At the same time, Alabama had a population of 4,779,736 people.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Gainesville, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.

Things like the population, area and housing for Gainesville reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of&$160;Gainesville might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Gainesville has a total area of 1.72 square miles [4.5 km²].

Sumter County has a land area of 903 square miles [2,341.1 km²]. At 1.72 square miles [4.5 km²], Gainesville has 0.19% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   32° 49' 2"   (or 32.82°)

Lon:   -88° 9' 28"   (or -88.16°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (208 people) and land area (1.72 square miles [4.5 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Gainesville had a population density of 121 people per square mile [46.72 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Gainesville had a population of 220 people and a land area of 1.71 square miles [4.4 km²]. This gives a population density of 128.3 people per square mile [49.54 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Gainesville. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an apple-to-oranges comparison. More information about these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Gainesville had 113 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 208 people, this averages 1.84 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Gainesville had a land area of 1.72 square miles [4.5 km²]. This translates to 65.7 Housing Units per square mile [25.38 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Gainesville had 122 Housing Units, a population of 220 people and a land area of 1.71 square miles [4.4 km²]. This gives a density of 1.8 people per Housing Unit and 71.1 Housing Units per square mile [27.47 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Gainesville and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Sumter County ...

The community of Gainesville is located in Sumter County.

The county had a population of 13,763 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 208 people, Gainesville represented 1.51% of the county's total.

In addition, where the town of Gainesville has a population density of 121 people per square mile [46.72 people/km²], Sumter County averages 15.23 people per square mile [5.88 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Sumter County.

Population Rings for Gainesville ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Gainesville and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Gainesville. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

RadiusNo of
Since 2010
5 mi [8 km]1197-5.29%
10 mi [16 km]5900-5.36%
15 mi [24 km]77,080-3.93%
20 mi [32 km]108,606-4.25%
25 mi [40 km]1513,761-4.48%
30 mi [48 km]2023,350-4.73%

US Census QuickFacts ...

The Census Bureau has created documents containing demographic information called QuickFacts. Unfortunately, the Census Bureau has not created a QuickFact that is specific to Gainesville.

A Census QuickFact is available for Sumter County (QF-01119).

Below are QuickFacts for the counties that border Sumter County.

2015 Est.
Since 2010
ChoctawQF-0102313,170-4.97%   S  
GreeneQF-010638,479-6.26%   NE  
MarengoQF-0109120,028-4.75%   SE  
PickensQF-0110720,864+5.66%   N  
Kemper (MS)QF-280699,969-4.66%   NW  
Lauderdale (MS)QF-2807578,524-2.16%   SW  
Noxubee (MS)QF-2810311,043-4.35%   NW  

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Gainesville, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Gainesville. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Gainesville was 1.72 square miles [4.5 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 1.71 square miles [4.4 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Gainesville, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Gainesville.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   32.814934°   (or 32°48'53" N)

Lon:   -88.160791°   (or -88°9'38" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   32.817317°   (or 32°49'2" N)

Lon:   -88.158026°   (or -88°9'28" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 1,213 feet to the southwest<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2406537) to Gainesville. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Gainesville. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   32.814935°   (or 32°48'53" N)

Lon:   -88.160793°   (or -88°9'38" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 0.71 feet to the southeast<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Gainesville. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Gainesville.

Miscellaneous Information for Gainesville ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Sumter County or the town of Gainesville:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Gainesville:

GNIS ID for Gainesville: 2406537

GNIS ID for Sumter County: 161585

GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 01 (Alabama)

County Code: 119 (Sumter County)

Place Code: 28768 (Gainesville)

State & County Code: 01/119 (Alabama / Sumter County)

State & Place Code: 01/28768 (Alabama / Gainesville)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Gainesville is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a town like Gainesville, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Gainesville. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Gainesville: 35464<7>

Census ZCTA Codes ...

The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).

ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Gainesville.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Cities, Towns and Villages of Alabama

About Sumter County

About Alabama

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Gainesville. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Alabama:

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2015.

- Return to Citation

<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

- Return to Citation

<5>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the 2010 Census location is 135 degrees.

- Return to Citation

<6>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the GNIS point is 239 degrees.

- Return to Citation

<7>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Gainesville or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

- Return to Citation

For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Gainesville.


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This page was last modified: 23 Dec 2016
By John Hall