Our distances are not driving distances, but are calculated as a 'straight-line' distance starting from Waterfall. A straight line distance ignores obstructions like rivers, canyons, lakes, et cetera - it's truly a line from Point A (ie- Waterfall) to Point B.
Our distance measurements begin at a specific point in Waterfall. The point that we are using is located at these GPS coordinates - Latitude: 55.2972, Longitude: -133.2406 [Map]. In this case, the coordinates for Waterfall have been provided by the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS).